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This week we will take a closer look at the notion of “concept,” which is philosophy’s specific tool and product. We will distinguish concepts from scientific functions and artistic influences that are part of knowledge production. These discussions will lead us to the concept of the “problem.” We will see the specific area covered by problems in philosophy and how philosophical problems work like engines to produce concepts rather than as negative obstacles to philosophy. The “causality problem” discovered or invented by the British philosopher David Hume and the “habit” also created by Hume around this problem, and the “transcendental” concepts created by Immanuel Kant will accompany our discussion.

What is Concept?